Wine commandments


Greece produces more than 500 varieties of wine. The roots of winemaking goes back to antiquity. No one knows who first thought of fermented grape juice is used, but it is known that ancient Greek gods were very fond of this drink. Among them stood out in particular Dionysus – the god of wine. In his honor, and in honor of the wine created hymns and even entire volumes.

Every more or less well kept Greek house at least seven vessels for wine. The most famous among them – amphora – a large, usually two-handed pitcher. The ancient Greeks never drank wine undiluted and mixed it with water, as opposed to the “barbarians” who used “pure” product. Water poured from a vessel called the Hydra and the mixture of wine and water poured from the vessel inohoyya glasses. Dionysus was considered a symbol of kantharos, two-handed cup, from which the wine and drink.

Some Greeks used Cilicia, something like this goblet of champagne. But in the religious rites and rituals usually used rhyton – a vessel, decorated with images of heads of animals or people. To become better acquainted with the best wines in the best kava – Greek wine cellar. The owner of cava, before selling a bottle, be sure to offer to taste a particular wine. In every region of the country produce their wine varieties. Each of them has its own flavor, its “face”. Disputes about wine from a region better, being many centuries and came to nothing lead. For example, the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle argued that the best wines – from the islands of Lemnos and Thasos.

Another great Greek – poet Archilochus – called “best of the best” wine produced on the island of Naxos. Many Greek rulers preferred the wines of the island of Crete , whose residents were engaged in viticulture four thousand years ago, when the Greek mainland about him had no idea. Crete is still a very good growing wine grapes: kotsifali (red variety), Vila (make fresh and aromatic wine “Peza”) liatiko (produce red wines “Dafnes” and “Sitia”) Mantilari (the most common variety, There are, in addition to Crete, on many other islands), Romeyko (red grapes, abundant in the area of Chania). In addition, Crete produce traditional sweet wine “Moskhatas Rio”, resembling the taste “Malvasia”. Other Greek islands also have their own varieties of grapes, from which for many centuries produced great wines. Specific aromatic qualities they differ on the island of Lesbos and other Aegean islands. Good “Limnos” and “Maskhatos Limni.” On Rhodes, famous for white and red wine produced from grapes afiri. Top Muscat wine – on the islands of Kefalonia and Zakynthos. In the same way, make good dessert wine “Robola” and “Verdea.” On Santorini Assyrtiko grapes grown on soils of volcanic origin, which gives the local wine of the same name the original taste and flavor. The best wines are considered wine “Santo”. On Corfu in the list of top hit “Rombola” and “Moskhatos.”

Good wines are produced on the Greek mainland. For example, in Epirus, which is the most mountainous area of ​​cultivation of grapes, made “Zitsas” (sparkling wine such as champagne) and “Cato the Metsovo” (red type “Cabernet”). On the Peloponnese especially good famous “Malvasia”, and in Macedonia – “Naoussa” and “Aminteo.” In the vicinity of Corinth produce “Nemsu” – table red wine of superior quality, often called “the blood of Hercules.” Only in Greece you can try, “retsina”, one of the oldest Greek wines. Get this “gummy” wine by adding grape must, at the beginning of fermentation, a little pine tar that gives the drink a unique taste and aroma. The ancients noticed that the wine in amphorae sealed with pine resin is stored longer.

Grape varieties most suitable for the manufacture of “retsina” – savatoyano and rodotis. They are common on the Mediterranean coast of Attica, as there are growing the most suitable types of pines, suitable for the collection of resin. True, the “retsina”, some experts do not consider wine as it is quite different from the usual wine and taste, and smell. This is usually white or pink drink that is drunk chilled. The old traditional taverns Athenian Plaka, near the Acropolis, “retsina” served with snacks, shaded by its bitter taste.

How to apply and drinking wine

The ancient Greek poet Evbula advised once to drink no more than three cups of wine: the first one is for health, the other – for the love and pleasure, and the third – to sleep. After the fourth begins swearing, after the fifth – scandals, after the sixth – obscene songs. Well, after the tenth turbid mind, so that “drinking falls to the ground, in the dust and the dirt.” To enjoy a drink, better follow these commandments contained in many Greek cookery books:

1. Do not drink wine that had just brought from the basement, where it was stored for a long time. For a while, it should be left to “calm down” the components of wine back to its normal state.

2. Do not leave the wine in the refrigerator or near heat sources, more than two hours.

3. We can not always keep an open bottle or a glass of wine in hand . When heated, it loses its flavor.

4. Young wines are served more chilled than the old. Easy wine quickly warmed at room temperature.

5. Red wine usually served at a temperature of 18 ° C, white – at 8 ° C. Light fruity wines – at 10-12oS.

6. Do not serve too chilled white wine too warm – red.

7. Bottles of red wine is best stored in a horizontal position at a constant temperature 10-12oS.

8. In no case should not be confused with any other wine beverages add ice to it and diluted with water – or else lose all the pleasure and taste of the wine.

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